Equity for all in European Education: What Does PISA Say?
Cor Sluijter and Remco Feskens
Equity and fairness
Equity in education is a hotly debated topic both nationally and internationally. This has led to
How fair are the European education systems?
We used gender, immigration background, home language, age, and the socio-economic status of students together to predict students’ PISA 2015 scores in science, mathematics
Cohen’s f2 values of 0.02, 0.15, and 0.35 are considered small, moderate, and large effects, respectively. Countries with effect sizes larger than the EU average are
So, what about equity?
The average influence of all background characteristics together on science scores is 0.22 in the EU, which is a moderate effect size. In Belgium, the effect size is the largest (0.35), followed by France (0.32) and Germany (0.31). Countries with relatively small effect sizes include Estonia, Latvia, the United Kingdom, and Italy.
For reading and mathematics the average influence of all background characteristics together on the PISA scores is comparable with respectively a moderate effect size of 0.26 and 0.23.
Based on these results we can conclude that there is still a long way to go before education systems in Europe can be called fair. Moderate effect sizes for science, reading and mathematics shows that there is work to be done. But countries scoring below the EU average would be foolish to rest on their laurels. The effect sizes in these countries are far from insignificant. The outcomes of this study show unequivocally that equal chances to all are still far from a reality.
For detailed information and results, please read our upcoming article (DOI: 10.15366/jospoe) mentioned above.